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RBAC: No Turning Back: Remove the group security! PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Michael Felt   

No Turning Back: "Remove" Security Group

When I first started this series I said my next article would show what happens when remove the standard "RWX" permissions for a group. I was expecting to remove all the permissions for both AIX groups system and security. After researching what might go wrong I decided working with only the security group would be easier to understand.

Why not both groups? In short, understanding one group might be difficult if you are not used to evaluating DAC permission bits. And it turns out the group security has only 5 SGID programs - which makes explaining what and why some programs are broken "possible".

On your test server, preferably a fresh install and only rootvg installed - run the following commands:

# lspv
hdisk0 00c39b8d9375b375 rootvg active
# find / -group security -exec chmod g-rwx {} \;
0481-014 chmod: not all requested changes were made to /proc/3080378/object/a.out
0481-014 chmod: not all requested changes were made to /proc/3080378/object/jfs2.10.5.169723

nosecurity.png

# ls -ld /etc/security
drwx------ 11 root security 4096 May 28 07:12 /etc/security

Still as root, make a new user (e.g., michael) and login. Normal commands work fine - because a regular user is not in the group security and is not affected by files and directories that work when in the group security. The commands that will fail are those that put someone into the group security (meaning they expect files to be readable via group permissions).

# find / -group security -perm -2000 -ls
102 32 -r-x--Sr-x 1 root security 31948 Feb 1 2011 /usr/bin/chfn
105 64 -r-x--Sr-x 1 root security 65440 Feb 1 2011 /usr/bin/chgrpmem
129 34 -r-x--Sr-x 1 root security 34334 Feb 1 2011 /usr/bin/chsh
693 26 -r-x--Sr-x 1 root security 26298 Feb 1 2011 /usr/bin/smitacl
169849 68 -r-x--Sr-x 1 root security 68830 Feb 1 2011 /usr/sbin/lsgroup


AIX Version 6
Copyright IBM Corporation, 1982, 2010.
login: michael
michael's Password
:

Normal commands work fine:

$ tail -3 /etc/passwd
esaadmin:*:10:0::/var/esa:/usr/bin/ksh
sshd:*:202:201::/var/empty:/usr/bin/ksh
michael:!:203:1::/home/michael:/usr/bin/ksh
$ grep staff /etc/group
staff:!:1:ipsec,esaadmin,sshd,michael

But commands relying on security membership fail - ths one because it cannot read files in the directory /etc/security.

$ lsgroup staff
3004-686 Group "staff" does not exist.

In short, regular users are mostly unaffected - but some commands will need RBAC adjustments to work, and/or role assignment before they will work as expected.

More to come!

 
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